Cyprus is the final destination of drugs seized in the country. Most drugs enter the government-controlled areas from other European Union countries, while heroin arrives through the areas that are not controlled by the Cypriot authorities. Air transport remains the most common route for smuggling drugs into Cyprus, although maritime routes are also used. New psychoactive substances mainly enter the country via the postal services.
Most of the herbal cannabis and MDMA/ecstasy seized in Cyprus in 2016 originated from the Netherlands, while cannabis resin came from Lebanon, heroin from Afghanistan and cocaine from South America. Domestic cultivation of cannabis remains rare. Herbal cannabis is the most frequently seized illicit substance in Cyprus. In 2016, an increase in the number of cocaine seizures was reported and a record amount of cocaine was seized, most of it in a single incident, indicating a rising trend in cocaine seizures since 2013. The number of seizures involving heroin continued a downward trend, with a record low of six seizures reported in 2016. With regard to synthetic stimulants, methamphetamine remains the most frequently seized synthetic drug, while 0.6 kg of amphetamine were seized in 2016, the largest amount recorded in the last five years.