The available data from self-reporting indicates that around 1 in 10 people admitted to prison in 2017 had used an illicit substance during the month prior to their imprisonment. Cannabis, heroin and amphetamines were the most commonly used substances.
At prison entry, inmates undergo a medical examination, including an assessment of drug use and related problems. Those who exhibit symptoms of drug or alcohol dependency are monitored by a psychiatrist and they can also be subject to mandatory treatment.
Drug treatment options in prison include methadone maintenance treatment (MMT) and short- and medium-term programmes based on cognitive and behavioural approaches, which target mainly alcohol users. In 2016, 14 inmates received MMT.
Voluntary and anonymous testing for human immunodeficiency virus is offered to all inmates. Additionally, various cultural, educational and training activities are conducted in cooperation with non-governmental organisations.