In Slovenia, the current national programme sets out basic principles for drug prevention and prioritises the prevention of drug use among young people. In addition, the prevention of psychoactive substance use is regulated at the national level by laws, regulations and guidelines within various ministries and is coordinated by the Ministry of Health. At the community level, local action groups for drug dependence prevention are tasked with coordinating both these activities and the work of many NGOs under the oversight of the self-governing regions.
Prevention interventions encompass a wide range of approaches, which are complementary. Environmental and universal strategies target entire populations, selective prevention targets vulnerable groups that may be at greater risk of developing drug use problems and indicated prevention focuses on at-risk individuals.
In Slovenia, environmental prevention interventions in recent years have focused mainly on alcohol and tobacco. These are implemented by various governmental organisations and NGOs. Examples of these are the ‘watchdog’ actions (Mystery Shopping and Yellow Card campaigns), which put formal and informal pressure on policy-makers and decision-makers to ensure the implementation of alcohol and tobacco laws (such as reporting violations of the alcohol/tobacco marketing regulations, which ban the sale of/offering of alcohol or tobacco to minors, etc.).
Universal prevention and selective prevention have been strengthened by the implementation of more evidencebased, evaluated, structured and manual-based prevention interventions, such as Unplugged, FreD goes net, EFFEKT and PUM (Project Learning for Young Adults, which is a selective prevention programme for young people who drop out of school and are at risk). Prevention activities in schools are mainly carried out by the NIPH, local health centres and NGOs or by associations and cover licit and illicit substances. Individual or time-limited structured and semistructured interventions that aim to build self-esteem in children and young people (especially in schools) and to improve their life skills (personal/social) etc., are still common.
In addition, interventions that aim to provide background support, or individual or time-limited interventions are provided by public and private social services for families that are considered to be at risk (for example, therapeutic meetings involving social workers or therapists and family members). In addition, numerous programmes targeting children with social, developmental and learning problems, as well as those living in deprived neighbourhoods, are provided at local level.
Prevention work in recreational settings is primarily organised by the NGO DrogArt, which offers activities at electronic music events, at youth nightlife venues and in club settings in central Slovenia, while some local projects aim to ensure safer nightlife through the distribution of information, condoms and, occasionally, drinking water.
Indicated prevention programmes that target children with mental health, behavioural and learning problems are provided within the public health system.
Provision of interventions in schools in Slovenia (expert ratings)
NBYear of data 2015.