The illicit drug market in Slovenia is determined by the country’s geographical position on the Balkan route, which is the main pathway for the illicit trafficking of heroin (from Turkey) and cannabis (from Western Balkan countries) into Western Europe; in addition, more recently, the use of south-east Europe as an entry point for cocaine has increased. Illicit drugs are trafficked through the country mainly by land. A growing number of investigations have revealed evidence of criminal groups establishing transport businesses in Slovenia, registering heavy goods vehicles and recruiting drivers to smuggle large quantities of a range of illicit drugs. Typically, the illegal cargo is not intended for the Slovenian consumer market.
Cannabis is the most important illicit substance locally produced and it is considered that cultivation is sufficient to meet domestic demand. Recent data indicate increased cultivation, mainly indoor, with some of the yield intended for neighbouring markets (Austria, Croatia and Italy).
The number of heroin seizures was stable between 2001 (552) and 2012 (439) and declined to 273 in 2015. The quantities seized have declined from a maximum of 393 kg in 2000 to 6.5 kg in 2015. The number of cocaine seizures has risen since 2002, to a maximum in 2010, before decreasing in 2015.
Slovenia is increasingly seen as a country that provides logistical support to Sloveniamembers of criminal groups across Europe and beyond. To prevent and counteract this, law enforcement agencies are engaging in joint investigation teams. In addition, focus is maintained on operations to dismantle illicit cannabis plantations and illicit synthetic drug production facilities.
Retail price and purity data of the main illicit substances seized are shown below.
Drug seizures in Slovenia trends in number of seizures (left) and quantities seized (right)
NB Year of data 2015.
Price and potency/purity ranges of illicit drugs reported in Slovenia
NBPrice and potency/purity ranges: EU and national mean values: minimum and maximum. Year of data 2015.