In 2015, one out of five prisoners in Slovakia had drug use-related health problems. Around 2 000 prisoners were screened for illicit substance use through saliva and urine tests. Overall, 3 out of 10 prisoners tested positive for illicit substances. The most frequently identified illicit drugs were cannabis, opioids and amphetamines; a large proportion of prisoners also tested positive for benzodiazepines.
With regard to drug-related infectious diseases, screening in 2015 revealed that around 14 % prisoners were positive for HBV, while 2 % tested positive HCV and 0.3 % for HIV; in all cases the proportions of prisoners testing positive were lower than in 2014.
The quality of drug-related treatment in prison is determined by framework standards prepared by the Ministry of Health and the provision of healthcare is supervised by regional offices of the Public Health Authority, health insurance companies, the Social Insurance Agency and inspection bodies of the Ministry of Justice. Voluntary and mandatory drug treatment is available in Slovakian prisons. Group psychotherapy represents one of the main components of mandatory and voluntary drug treatment. Drug treatment also includes educational work and training. Mandatory drug treatment is preceded by medical examination, which include tests for blood-borne infectious diseases.
Overall, 3 out of 10 prisoners tested positive for illicit substances in 2015