In 2005, Section 171 of the Penal Code changed the punishment for unauthorised possession for personal use, according to the amount of drug possessed: up to three years’ imprisonment may be imposed for personal possession of an amount corresponding to a maximum of three times the usual single dose for personal use; and up to five years’ imprisonment may be imposed for personal possession of an amount corresponding to a maximum of 10 times the usual single dose for personal use. New penalties such as home imprisonment and community service may apply, although sentences of immediate imprisonment remain available as the ‘ultimate remedy’. Possession of any amount above 10 doses must be charged under Section 172.
Section 172 of the Penal Code lays down a penalty of 3-10 years’ imprisonment for drug trafficking, supply or production. In 2013, the minimum was reduced from four years to three years to enable alternatives to prison to be given. The penalty increases to a range of 10-15 years’ imprisonment or 15-20 years, depending on the value involved and aggravating circumstances (repeated offence, involvement of minors) and up to 25 years if the crime was committed in the context of an organised group. Three convictions for certain serious offences may result in automatic imprisonment of 25 years or even life.
With regard to the control of new psychoactive substances (NPS), from April 2013 the new §16a of the Drug Control Act, Act No 139/1998 Coll, established the list of hazardous substances, in which NPS were classed as such for up to three years, and their supply and distribution were limited.
Legal penalties the possibility of incarceration for possession of drugs for personal use (minor offence)
NB Year of data 2015.
Reported drug law offenders in Slovakia
NB Year of data 2015.
Drug law offence (DLO) data are the foundation for monitoring drug-related crime and are also a measure of law enforcement activity and drug market dynamics; they may be used to inform policies on the implementation of drug laws and to improve strategies.
In 2015, a total of 1 466 persons were arrested for DLOs, of whom 969 persons were sentenced, which is a decrease from 2014. The statistical data indicate that the majority of convictions were for supply-related offences. Approximately half of all convictions were related to cannabis, followed by methamphetamine and amphetamine, and heroin.