Available data on HIV and acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) notifications indicate that the prevalence of HIV/AIDS infection among people who inject drugs (PWID) in Slovakia is very low. In 2015, three HIV-positive PWID were reported.
A specific sentinel monitoring study among PWID treated at the Centre for the Treatment of Drug Dependencies in Bratislava reported stable low rates of HIV infection among this group. The same source confirms that hepatitis C is the most common drug-related infection in Slovakia. Although the prevalence of HCV infection among new treatment clients in Bratislava has remained fairly stable at around 40% since 2010, in 2015 almost 6 out of 10 clients tested positive for HCV. HCV is more common among those who have been injecting 10 years or more. In 2015, a study in Bratislava found that around 2 out of 10 new treatment clients tested positive for hepatitis B virus (HBV — anti-hepatitis B core antibodies (anti-HBc)).
Routine data collection on drug-related emergencies in Slovakia has not yet been established. In 2015, the National Toxicological Information Centre reported 122 cases of acute intoxication related to drugs, one third of which were caused by methamphetamine.
Since 2016, the National Toxicological Information Centre has participated in the European Drug Emergencies Network (Euro-DEN) project, which was established in 2013 to monitor drug acute toxicity in sentinel centres across Europe.
Newly diagnosed HIV cases attributed to injecting drug use
NB Year of data 2015, or latest available year. Source: ECDC.
Prevalence of HIV and HCV antibodies among people who inject drugs in Slovakia
NBYear of data 2015.
Characteristics of and trends in drug-induced deaths in Slovakia
NB Year of data 2015.
Drug-induced deaths refer to deaths directly attributed to the use of illicit drugs (i.e. poisonings and overdoses).
The number of drug-induced deaths reported in Slovakia has remained stable in recent years, with the exception of 2014, when the number of cases was half that reported in the preceding year. In 2015, all cases were toxicologically confirmed and approximately 9 of 10 dug-induced deaths were linked to opioids; more than half of these deaths were linked to pharmaceuticals. The majority of victims were males, and most of the deceased were 30 years old or older.
The drug-induced mortality rate among adults (aged 15-64 years) was 7 deaths per million in 2015, which is lower than the most recent European average of 20.3 deaths per million.
Drug-induced mortality rates among adults (15-64)
NB Year of data 2015, or latest available year.