In Romania, the National Anti-Drug Strategy 2013-20 addresses illicit drugs. It was designed following consultations with stakeholders and takes into account the EU Drugs Strategy 2013-20. Reflecting a balanced approach, the National Anti-Drug Strategy is structured around the two pillars of drug demand reduction and drug supply reduction. It also contains three cross-cutting themes: (i) coordination; (ii) international cooperation; and (iii) research, evaluation and information. The National Strategy has five overarching objectives and is being implemented through two action plans, which address the periods 2013-16 and 2017-20.
Like other European countries, Romania evaluates its drug policy and strategy via routine indicator monitoring and specific research projects. Implementation progress reports on the activities in the current strategy’s action plans are produced by the National Anti-Drug Agency (NAA). Additionally, in 2013, an external final evaluation of the 2005-12 National Anti-Drug Strategy was completed by the Romanian Angel Appeal (RAA) Foundation, with the financial support of United Nations Children’s Fund (UNICEF) office in Romania. The evaluation assessed the actions of the 2005-12 strategy based on several criteria, including their relevance, effectiveness, efficiency, sustainability and impact; it also developed recommendations for the 2013-20 strategy.
The NAA is a specialised legal entity under the coordination of the Ministry of Internal Affairs; it coordinates Romania’s Anti-Drug Strategy and the relevant implementing authorities. Supply reduction issues are coordinated by the Directorate for Investigation of Organised Crime and Terrorism. The NAA is also responsible for international cooperation between Romanian institutions and foreign organisations, and it hosts the Romanian Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Drug as one of its four units. The NAA is supported by a scientific committee and has 47 Drug Prevention, Evaluation and Counselling Centres at the local level, six of which are in Bucharest.
Focus of national drug strategy documents illicit drugs or broader
NBYear of data 2015. Strategies with broader focus may include, for example, licit drugs and other addictions.