Available data on drug use among prisoners from the 2007 prison survey show that around half of prisoners in Poland have lifetime experience of drug use before imprisonment, mainly cannabis, amphetamines and, to lesser extent, opioids. Use of these substances is also the most frequent reason for entering drug treatment in Polish prisons.
In prisons, therapeutic interventions are conducted for inmates who are dependent on illicit drugs and other psychotropic substances. Drug treatment is conducted in therapeutic wards based on programmes approved by the General Director of the Prison Service.
The National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction 2011-16 identified the objective of increasing the number and variety of specialist drug treatment programmes in penal institutions, youth detention centres and hostels for minors, including OST and harm reduction for drugdependent individuals.
The main form of treatment in Polish prisons consists of six-month residential therapeutic programmes, with interventions ranging from psychotherapy to rehabilitation.
OST programmes in prison are also available and are coordinated by the prison health service. Harm reduction interventions, such as educational programmes for drug users, individual consultations, motivation for behavioural change, safe injection training, support groups and group sessions for inmates who had not been admitted to prison treatment wards, are implemented by NGOs.
All HIV-positive inmates are provided with antiretroviral treatment, but no data are available on the number of infectious diseases tests carried out or the number of drug users suffering from infectious diseases.
The quality of treatment programmes is maintained and enhanced through the training of the staff who work with drug-using prisoners and the evaluation of treatment programmes.
Around half of prisoners in Poland have lifetime experience of drug use before imprisonment, mainly cannabis, amphetamines and, to lesser extent, opioids