Adopted in 2016, Poland’s National Health Programme has a five-year timeframe; it takes a comprehensive approach to public health issues and functions as the national drug and drug addiction strategy. Its second objective defines the scope of the strategy as ‘prevention and problem-solving related to the use of psychoactive substances behavioural addictions and other risky behaviours’. The extension of the approach and the measures set out under the 2005 Act on Counteracting Drug Addiction and the National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction support the National Health Programme’s objectives. The National Health Programme is similar to the National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction (2011-16), which it supersedes. The National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction has five pillars: (i) prevention; (ii) treatment, rehabilitation, harm reduction and social reintegration; (iii) supply reduction; (iv) international cooperation; and (v) research and monitoring. It has been extended to implement the National Health Programme, which is also supported by three other strategies.
These are the National Programme for Resolving and Preventing Alcohol-Related Problems, the National Programme for Combatting Health Consequences of Using Tobacco and Related Products and the Behavioural Addictions Strategy.
As in other European countries, Poland evaluates its drug policy and strategy through ongoing indicator monitoring and specific research projects. In 2014, an internal mid-term evaluation of the first three years of the implementation of the National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction (2011-16) was completed.
The Council for Counteracting Drug Addiction monitors and coordinates government action against drugs, advises the Minister of Health, monitors the drug strategy’s implementation and cooperates with the bodies undertaking its actions. It consists of representatives from all relevant ministries. The National Bureau for Drug Prevention is a state budget unit subordinated to the Ministry of Health and is responsible for coordinating the implementation of the National Programme for Counteracting Drug Addiction and for the preparation of an annual report on the state of its implementation. Its activities also include setting priorities in the field of drug prevention. The secretariat of the Council for Counteracting Drug Addiction is located in the National Bureau for Drug Prevention. Provincial drug coordinators are responsible for the coordination of regional drug policies and the implementation of regional strategies that are legally required to be in line with the programme and action plan.
Focus of national drug strategy documents: illicit drugs or broader
NBYear of data 2015. Strategies with broader focus may include, for example, licit drugs and other addictions.
Adopted in 2016, Poland’s National Health Programme has five-year timeframe and takes a comprehensive approach to public health issues, including drugs