Cannabis is the most frequently seized drug in Malta, and it is the only illicit drug cultivated in the country, because of the favourable climatic conditions on the island. Cannabis is mainly cultivated by home growers, although commercial operations have been discovered occasionally. Cannabis resin is imported from Tunisia and Libya. Heroin arrives from Turkey, via North Africa or Western European countries, and cocaine is smuggled mainly through Spain. Synthetic stimulants, such as MDMA and amphetamines, are imported from other European countries, particularly from the Netherlands. The availability of NPS has grown in recent years.
The number of illicit drug seizures in Malta doubled between 2009 and 2015. In terms of quantities, in 2015, cannabis resin, cocaine, heroin and MDMA were seized in larger amounts than in 2014.
The retail price and purity of the main illicit substances seized are shown below.
Drug seizures in Malta trends in number of seizures (left) and quantities seized (right)
NB Year of data 2015.
Price and potency/purity ranges of illicit drugs reported in Malta
NBPrice and potency/purity ranges: EU and national mean values: minimum and maximum. Year of data 2015.