The planning and implementation of prevention activities in Italy are mainly the responsibility of the regional and autonomous provinces; however, the Department for Anti- Drug Policies at the Presidency of the Council of Ministers allocates part of its annual budget to support prevention activities. Prevention of the use of NPS among young people is one of the current policy priorities in Italy.
Prevention interventions encompass a wide range of approaches, which are complementary. Environmental and universal strategies target entire populations, selective prevention targets vulnerable groups that may be at greater risk of developing drug use problems and indicated prevention focuses on at-risk individuals.
In Italy, universal prevention activities, focusing on both licit and illicit substances, are routinely implemented in schools, but are mainly limited to information provision and awareness-raising, while more interactive methods or peerto- peer activities remain limited. Some prevention activities involve the use of information technology platforms, such as video conferencing or mobile applications. The Unplugged programme continues to be implemented in several provinces. School-based prevention activities are implemented by teachers; however, schools also frequently involve local health or law enforcement agencies in the delivery of activities.
According to the available information, family involvement is considered central to all prevention efforts in Italy, and almost all regions have universal prevention projects targeting families, teachers and peers. Universal prevention that targets families consists largely of three types of initiatives: mutual assistance, meetings and training. Universal prevention activities that target the community focus on young people through the use of peer groups in out-of-school settings, counselling, recreational and cultural activities and local projects delivered via the media and the internet.
Selective prevention activities are mainly aimed at young people in recreational setting; immigrants; school dropouts and young offenders; families with problem drug use and/or with mental health problems; and socially and academically marginalised young people.
Mass media campaigns continue to be an essential part of the prevention strategy and they focus mainly on general information and raising awareness about both licit and illicit substances.
Provision of interventions in schools in Italy (expert ratings)
NBYear of data 2015.