Italy Country Drug Report 2017

Key statistics

Most recent estimates and data reported

  EU range
  Year Country data Min. Max.
Cannabis
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 27.4 6.5 36.8
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2014 19 0.4 22.1
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2014 9.2 0.3 11.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 20 3 71
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 28 8 79
Quantity of herbal cannabis seized (kg) 2015 9 285.6 4 45 816
Number of herbal cannabis seizures 2015 5 833 106 156 984
Quantity of cannabis resin seized (kg) 2015 67 825.4 1 380 361
Number of cannabis resin seizures 2015 7 684 14 164 760
Potency - herbal (% THC)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.9-26 0 46
Potency - resin (% THC) -(minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 1-35 0 87.4
Price per gram - herbal (EUR)-- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 6.8-9.3 0.6 31.1
Price per gram - resin (EUR)- -(minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 10.1-12.7 0.9 46.6
Cocaine
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 3.5 0.9 4.9
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2014 1.8 0.2 4
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2014 1.1 0.1 2.3
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 25 0 37
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 30 0 40
Quantity of cocaine seized (kg) 2015 4 035.1 2 21 621
Number of cocaine seizures 2015 5 403 16 38 273
Purity (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.4-9 0 100
Price per gram (EUR)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 58.4-83.8 10 248.5
Amphetamines
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 2 0.8 6.5
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2014 0.6 0.1 3.1
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2014 0.2 0 1.6
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 0 0 70
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 0 0 75
Quantity of amphetamine seized (kg) 2015 19 0 3 796
Number of amphetamine seizures 2015 206 1 10 388
Purity - amphetamine- (%)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 1-71 0 100
Price per gram - amphetamine (EUR)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 37-38.4 1 139.8
MDMA
Lifetime prevalence of use - schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 2.6 0.5 5.2
Last year prevalence of use - young adults (%) 2014 1 0.1 6.6
Last year prevalence of drug use - all adults (%) 2014 0.4 0.1 3.4
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 0 0 2
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 0 0 2
Quantity of MDMA seized (tablets) 2015 17 573 54 5 673 901
Number of MDMA seizures 2015 406 3 5 012
Purity (mg of MDMA base per unit)- (minimum and maximum values registered) No data No data 0 293
Price per tablet (EUR)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 14.6-17.4 0.5 60
Opioids
High-risk opioid use (rate/1 000) 2015 5.2 0.3 8.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 53 4 93
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 39 2 87
Quantity of heroin seized (kg) 2015 768 0 8 294
Number of heroin seizures 2015 2 230 2 12 271
Purity - heroin (%)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.6-59 0 96
Price per gram - heroin (EUR)- (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 35.4-42.4 3.1 214
Newly diagnosed HIV cases related to injecting drug use- (cases/million population, Source: ECDC) 2015 1.8 0 44
HIV prevalence among PWID* (%) 2015 27.3 0 30.9
HCV prevalence among PWID* (%) 2015 57.3 15.7 83.5
Injecting drug use (cases rate/1 000 population) No data No data 0.2 9.2
Drug-induced deaths - all adults (cases/million population) 2015 7.8 1.6 102.7
Health and social responses
Syringes distributed through specialised programmes No data No data 164 12 314 781
Clients in substitution treatment 2015 60 047 252 168 840
Treatment demand
All clients 2015 47 213 282 124 234
First-time clients 2015 20 731 24 40 390
Drug law offences
Number of reports of offences 2015 61 145 472 411 157
Offences for use/possession 2015 33 427 359 390 843

* PWID — People who inject drugs.


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