The Hungarian National Anti-drug Strategy 2013-20 prioritises drug prevention activities and defines 10 main settings where they should be carried out: local communities, family, general education and child protection institution systems, higher education, peer groups, media, workplace, prisons and institutions administrating treatment as an alternative to criminal procedure.
In Hungary, prevention activities are mainly financed by the state-supported annual grant system. However, the one- year cycle adopted for awarding grants has been seen as a challenge in terms of sustainability and continuation of prevention activities, particularly those implemented by non-governmental organisations (NGOs). Financing from various European Union funding sources is used to increase the capacity of prevention professionals and to support the implementation of larger prevention campaigns.
Prevention interventions encompass a wide range of approaches, which are complementary. Environmental and universal strategies target entire populations, selective prevention targets vulnerable groups who may be at greater risk of developing drug use problems and indicated prevention focuses on at-risk individuals.
In Hungary, environmental prevention activities in recent years have focused on the regulation of the availability of tobacco and the restriction of smoking in public places.
Universal prevention activities are mainly implemented in educational settings within a framework of comprehensive health promotion programmes and are frequently run by NGOs. The police are actively involved in prevention activities in educational settings through several initiatives. Only programmes recommended by the National Institute for Health Development (NEFI), which is in charge of the accreditation and monitoring of prevention activities in schools, are permitted to be implemented. In recent years, a shift from one-way information provision towards more interactive programmes that attempt to influence the attitudes and beliefs of the target audience has been noted.
With regard to selective prevention, these activities target young people living in state care, prisons and disadvantaged neighbourhoods, as well as homeless young people and pregnant women and families with substance use problems.
Indicated prevention programmes have the aims of strengthening the family system and developing parental skills among at-risk young people, students attending schools for those with special needs, and those living in families affected by drug use.
Provision of interventions in schools in Hungary (expert ratings)
NBYear of data 2015.