Cannabis is the most frequently seized substance in Greece. It remains the only illicit drug that is produced in Greece and is grown on a small scale for the needs of the domestic market. Greece is a transit country for herbal cannabis that is cultivated in Albania and passes through the country by land to its ports, and thence to other EU countries. Data from 2015 seizures suggest that the cannabis resin seized in Greece originates primarily from the Netherlands. Heroin originating from Afghanistan and Pakistan is smuggled into Greece through the Balkan route. Cocaine is smuggled into Greece, mainly by sea, directly from South America or through some intermediate ports in Spain, the Netherlands and Italy, and it is mainly intended for onward transit to other European countries.
According to the Central Anti-Drug Coordinating Unit, in 2015, the quantities of seized cannabis products, heroin and cocaine were smaller than in 2014.
Nevertheless, in 2015, a record amount of heroin in a single seizure was reported, which was achieved by a collaborative action by the police and coastguard. The heroin was crossing Greece on its way to Western Europe.
In 2015, eight synthetic cannabinoids and three synthetic cathinones were identified for the first time in Greece.
The retail price and purity of the main illicit substances seized are shown below.
Drug seizures in Greece: trends in number of seizures (left) and quantities seized (right)
NBYear of data 2015.
Price and potency/purity ranges of illicit drugs reported in Greece
NBPrice and potency/purity ranges: EU and national mean values: minimum and maximum. Year of data 2015.