In Denmark, approximately 60 % of prisoners report having ever used illicit drugs, and regular cannabis use is common among prisoners.
The national strategy for drug treatment in prisons calls for the same level of drug treatment and care to be available as in society in general. As a result, drug treatment services in prisons are provided by private and public treatment institutions. Prisons have introduced a treatment guarantee, which means that treatment should be provided to all inmates who request it within two weeks. This treatment is provided through health professional and social programmes and is administered by the Department of Prison and Probation Service under the auspices of the Danish Ministry of Justice. The social drug treatment programmes include motivation and pre-treatment, intensive therapeutic treatment in special treatment units, outpatient treatment programmes, support for OST and post-treatment programmes. All prisons have treatment programmes for cannabis users and some have specific programmes for cocaine users. Outpatient treatment programmes include special programmes for stimulant users, short detox programmes and OST programmes. Regarding health professional drug treatment programmes, the Prison and Probation Service provides medical treatment of withdrawal symptoms and long-term OST. OST and other long-term drug treatment programmes are also coordinated with public treatment services to ensure continuation in the post-release period. Drug-free prison wings are also available.
To prevent drug-related infectious diseases, the Prison and Probation Service offer inmates chlorine disinfectants, although another model for disinfectants is being considered. Vaccination against hepatitis A and B viruses and general healthcare assistance are also offered.
All prisons have treatment programmes for cannabis users and some have specific programmes for cocaine users