In the Czech Republic, the National Drug Policy Strategy 2010-18 originally focused solely on illicit drugs, but in 2014 and 2016 was revised to address alcohol, tobacco and gambling. The strategy is comprehensive and has four pillars: prevention; treatment and resocialisation; harm reduction; and supply reduction. It is complemented by three supporting domains: coordination and funding; monitoring, research and evaluation; and international cooperation. In the area of illicit drugs, the strategy defines four key objectives: (i) to reduce the level of experimental and occasional drug use; (ii) to reduce the level of problem and intensive drug use; (iii) to reduce potential drug-related risks to individuals and society; and (iv) to reduce drug availability, particularly to young people. The implementation of the strategy is supported by a series of consecutive three-year action plans for each area.
In 2016, the Secretariat of the Government Council for Drug Policy Coordination (GCDPC) conducted an internal final evaluation of the action plan for 2013-15. The evaluation indicated that slightly more than half of the proposed activities had been implemented, with mixed results in terms of meeting the action plan’s priorities for alcohol and cannabis consumption, methamphetamine and opioid problems, streamlining of funding and integration of alcohol in drug policy.
The GCDPC, presided over by the prime minister, is responsible at the political level for the overall implementation of the National Drug Policy Strategy. It is the main government coordination body on drug issues. Its scope was expanded following the revision of the National Drug Policy Strategy and it now addresses alcohol, tobacco and gambling issues, as well as illicit drugs. The GCDPC includes all ministries involved in the delivery of the national drug policy and representatives of other significant stakeholders, including representatives of non-governmental organisations (NGOs) and professional associations. The Secretariat of the GCDPC, located within the Office of the Government of the Czech Republic, which also includes the Czech National Monitoring Centre for Drugs and Addiction, ensures day-today implementation of the strategy and the coordination of the ministries’ activities. A network of 14 regional drug coordinators based at regional municipalities manages drugrelated activities, including the implementation of the national drug policy, at the regional and local levels.
Focus of national drug strategy documents: illicit drugs or broader
NB Year of data 2015. Strategies with broader focus may include, for example, licit drugs and other addictions.
The National Drug Policy Strategy 2010-18 originally focused solely on illicit drugs, but in 2014 and 2016 was revised to address alcohol, tobacco and gambling