Key statistics in Bulgaria 2017

Bulgaria Country Drug Report 2017

Key statistics

Most recent estimates and data reported

  EU range
  Year Country data Min. Max.
Cannabis
Lifetime prevalence of use — schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 26.9 6.5 36.8
Last year prevalence of use — young adults (%) 2013 8.3 0.4 22.1
Last year prevalence of drug use — all adults (%) 2013 3.5 0.3 11.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 3 3 71
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 8 8 79
Quantity of herbal cannabis seized (kg) 2015 1 175.8 4 45 816
Number of herbal cannabis seizures 2015 3 516 106 156 984
Quantity of cannabis resin seized (kg) 2015 12.6 1 380 361
Number of cannabis resin seizures 2015 14 14 164 760
Potency — herbal (% THC)  (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.1-29 0 46
Potency — resin (% THC)   (minimum and maximum values registered) No data No data 0 87.4
Price per gram — herbal (EUR)   (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 2-15 0.6 31.1
Price per gram — resin (EUR)   (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 2.5-35 0.9 46.6
Cocaine
Lifetime prevalence of use — schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 4.9 0.9 4.9
Last year prevalence of use — young adults (%) 2013 0.3 0.2 4
Last year prevalence of drug use — all adults (%) 2013 0.2 0.1 2.3
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 2 0 37
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 7 0 40
Quantity of cocaine seized (kg) 2015 8.9 2 21 621
Number of cocaine seizures 2015 39 16 38 273
Purity (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 1.2-75.5 0 100
Price per gram (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 35-100 10 248.5
Amphetamines
Lifetime prevalence of use — schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 6.5 0.8 6.5
Last year prevalence of use — young adults (%) 2013 1.3 0.1 3.1
Last year prevalence of drug use — all adults (%) 2013 0.6 0 1.6
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 5 0 70
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 16 0 75
Quantity of amphetamine seized (kg) 2015 43 0 3 796
Number of amphetamine seizures 2015 51 1 10 388
Purity — amphetamine  (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.1-69.3 0 100
Price per gram — amphetamine (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 2.5-25 1 139.8
MDMA
Lifetime prevalence of use — schools (% , Source: ESPAD) 2015 5.2 0.5 5.2
Last year prevalence of use — young adults (%) 2013 2.9 0.1 6.6
Last year prevalence of drug use — all adults (%) 2013 1.2 0.1 3.4
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 0 0 2
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 1 0 2
Quantity of MDMA seized (tablets) 2015 17 284 54 5 673 901
Number of MDMA seizures 2015 3 3 5 012
Purity (mg of MDMA base per unit)  (minimum and maximum values registered) No data No data 0 293
Price per tablet (EUR) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 3.5-15 0.5 60
Opioids
High-risk opioid use (rate/1 000) No data No data 0.3 8.1
All treatment entrants (%) 2015 85 4 93
First-time treatment entrants (%) 2015 64 2 87
Quantity of heroin seized (kg) 2015 265 0 8 294
Number of heroin seizures 2015 137 2 12 271
Purity — heroin (%) (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 0.1-64.8 0 96
Price per gram — heroin (EUR)  (minimum and maximum values registered) 2015 10-60 3.1 214
Newly diagnosed HIV cases related to injecting drug use  (cases/million population, Source: ECDC) 2015 3.6 0 44
HIV prevalence among PWID* (%) No data No data 0 30.9
HCV prevalence among PWID* (%) No data No data 15.7 83.5
Injecting drug use (cases rate/1 000 population) No data No data 0.2 9.2
Drug-induced deaths — all adults (cases/million population) 2015 3.6 1.6 102.7
Health and social responses
Syringes distributed through specialised programmes 2015 364 111 164 12 314 781
Clients in substitution treatment 2015 3 423 252 168 840
Treatment demand
All clients 2015 2 131 282 124 234
First-time clients 2015 560 24 40 390
Drug law offences
Number of reports of offences 2015 4 195 472 411 157
Offences for use/possession No data No data 359 390 843

* PWID — People who inject drugs.


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