Austria is not considered to be a drug-producing country, and drug transit through the country is determined by its geographical location on the Balkan route and presence of Vienna International Airport, which serves as a hub for drug smuggling.
Cannabis products are the main drugs seized in Austria. Albania is an important source of herbal cannabis, while Morocco remains an important source of cannabis resin. Cannabis is also locally cultivated, mainly indoors, albeit on a small scale for personal use, and professional cultivation remains an exception.
Heroin mainly enters Austria via the Balkan route by road; and cocaine comes directly from South and Central America via Vienna International Airport and, to a lesser extent, by road from West European and West Balkan countries.
Synthetic drugs seized in Austria are mostly produced in the Netherlands, while amphetamines also originate from Poland and methamphetamine comes from the Czech Republic and Slovakia. In 2015, 10 clandestine laboratories producing amphetamines, mainly methamphetamine, were seized in Austria. NPS are increasingly being ordered on the internet, mainly from China, and are sent by mail via other European countries or directly from Asia.
The long-term analysis of drug seizure data indicates that the quantities of cannabis products seized in Austria have remained stable in last decade; however, the number of cannabis product seizures almost doubled between 2010 and 2015. The quantities of other illicit substances seized in Austria indicate considerable annual variations.
The retail price and purity of the main illicit substances reported in Austria are shown in the figures bellow.
Drug seizures in Austria: trends in number of seizures (left) and quantities seized (right)
NBYear of data 2015.
Price and potency/purity ranges of illicit drugs reported in Austria
NBPrice and potency/purity ranges: EU and national mean values: minimum and maximum.
Year of data 2015.