Needle and syringe programmes in prison to reduce injecting risk behaviours — evidence summary

Summary of the evidence

Unknown effectiveness

Needle and syringe programmes were analysed in a systematic review (ECDC/EMCDDA, 2018) and showed no significant effect in:

  • reducing injecting risk behaviours in prison.


Note: this evidence summary is only valid for the outcomes, target groups, settings and substances/patterns of use described below.

Name of response option:
Needle and syringe programmes (NSP)
Desired outcome(s):
reduce risk behaviours
Harm reduction
Specific substance or pattern of use:
Target group(s) or setting(s):
PWID – people who inject drugs

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