Social reintegration – criminal justice

Drug-related interventions in the criminal justice system can help to reduce re-offending and thus indirectly increase the employability of individuals, preventing homelessness and the disruption of families and other social networks.

What works?

  • Drug court programmes (as assessed in the United States which is where most drug courts exist and where the vast majority of studies have been conducted) can help people be independent from financial assistance and find employment or enroll in education. Such programmes also help reduce recidivism, especially in drug courts dealing with adult drug users.

What's unclear?

  • It is not clear if drug court programmes have a more direct impact on the employability of drug users, namely by increasing their employment rate and individual annual income
  • Furthermore, it is unclear whether drug court vocational training programmes reduce reoffending

What doesn't work?

  • So far, we are not aware of interventions that proved to cause harm

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